Jeremiah 44 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Conquest of Egypt Predicted

44 The word that came to Jeremiah for all the Jews living in the land of Egypt, those who were living in Migdol, Tahpanhes, Memphis, and the land of Pathros, saying, “Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, ‘You yourselves have seen all the calamity that I have brought on Jerusalem and all the cities of Judah; and behold, this day they are in ruins and no one lives in them, because of their wickedness which they committed so as to provoke Me to anger by continuing to burn a]sacrifices and to serve other gods whom they had not known, neitherthey, you, nor your fathers. Yet I sent you all My servants the prophets, b]again and again, saying, “Oh, do not do this abominable thing which I hate.” But they did not listen or incline their ears to turn from their wickedness, so as not to burn c]sacrifices to other gods. Therefore My wrath and My anger were poured out and burned in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, so they have become a ruin and a desolation as it is this day. Now then thus says the Lord God of hosts, the God of Israel, “Why are you doing great harm to yourselves, so as to cut off from you man and woman, child and infant, from among Judah, leaving yourselves without remnant, provoking Me to anger with the works of your hands, burning d]sacrifices to other gods in the land of Egypt, where you are entering to reside, so that you might be cut off and become a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?Have you forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they committed in the land of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? 10 But they have not become e]contrite even to this day, nor have they feared nor walked in My law or My statutes, which I have set before you and before your fathers.”’

11 “Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, ‘Behold, I am going to set My face against you for f]woe, even to cut off all Judah.12 And I will take away the remnant of Judah who have set their g]mind on entering the land of Egypt to reside there, and they will all h]meet their end in the land of Egypt; they will fall by the sword and meet their end by famine. Both small and great will die by the sword and famine; and they will become a curse, an object of horror, an imprecation and a reproach. 13 And I will punish those who live in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, with the sword, with famine and with pestilence. 14 So there will be no refugees or survivors for the remnant of Judah who have entered the land of Egypt to reside there and then to return to the land of Judah, to which they are i]longing to return and live; for none will return except a few refugees.’”

15 Then all the men who were aware that their wives were burning j]sacrifices to other gods, along with all the women who were standing by, as a large assembly, k]including all the people who were living in Pathros in the land of Egypt, responded to Jeremiah, saying, 16 “As for the l]message that you have spoken to us in the name of the Lord, we are not going to listen to you! 17 But rather we will certainly carry out every word that has proceeded from our mouths, m]by burning n]sacrifices to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, just as we ourselves, our forefathers, our kings and our princes did in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; for then we had plenty of o]food and were well off and saw no p]misfortune. 18 But since we stopped burning q]sacrifices to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, we have lacked everything and have r]met our end by the sword and by famine.” 19 “And,” said the women, “when we were burning s]sacrifices to the queen of heaven and t]were pouring out drink offerings to her, was it without our husbands that we made for her sacrificial cakes u]in her image and poured out drink offerings to her?”

Calamity for the Jews

20 Then Jeremiah said to all the people, to the men and women—even to all the people who were giving him such an answer—saying, 21 “As for the v]smoking sacrifices that you burned in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, you and your forefathers, your kings and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the Lord remember them and did not all this come into His w]mind? 22 So the Lord was no longer able to endure it, because of the evil of your deeds, because of the abominations which you have committed; thus your land has become a ruin, an object of horror and a curse, without an inhabitant, as it is this day. 23 Because you have burned x]sacrifices and have sinned against the Lord and not obeyed the voice of the Lord or walked in His law, His statutes or His testimonies, therefore this calamity has befallen you, as it has this day.”

24 Then Jeremiah said to all the people, including all the women, “Hear the word of the Lord, all Judah who are in the land of Egypt, 25 thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, as follows: ‘As for you and your wives, you have spoken with your mouths and fulfilled it with your hands, saying, “We will certainly perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn y]sacrifices to the queen of heaven and pour out drink offerings to her.” z]Go ahead and confirm your vows, and certainly perform your vows!’ 26 aa]Nevertheless hear the word of the Lord, all Judah who are living in the land of Egypt, ‘Behold, I have sworn by My great name,’ says the Lord, ‘never shall My name be invoked again by the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, “As the Lord ab]Godlives.” 27 Behold, I am watching over them for harm and not for good, and all the men of Judah who are in the land of Egypt will ac]meet their end by the sword and by famine until they ad]are completely gone.28 Those who escape the sword will return out of the land of Egypt to the land of Judah ae]few in number. Then all the remnant of Judah who have gone to the land of Egypt to reside there will know whose word will stand, Mine or theirs. 29 This will be the sign to you,’ declares the Lord, ‘that I am going to punish you in this place, so that you may know that My words will surely stand against you for harm.’ 30 Thus says the Lord, ‘Behold, I am going to give over Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt to the hand of his enemies, to the hand of those who seek his life, just as I gave over Zedekiah king of Judah to the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, who was his enemy and was seeking his life.’”


  1. Jeremiah 44:3 Or incense
  2. Jeremiah 44:4 Lit rising early and sending
  3. Jeremiah 44:5 Or incense
  4. Jeremiah 44:8 Or incense
  5. Jeremiah 44:10 Lit crushed
  6. Jeremiah 44:11 Lit evil
  7. Jeremiah 44:12 Lit face
  8. Jeremiah 44:12 Lit be finished
  9. Jeremiah 44:14 Lit lifting up their soul
  10. Jeremiah 44:15 Or incense
  11. Jeremiah 44:15 Lit and
  12. Jeremiah 44:16 Lit word
  13. Jeremiah 44:17 Or so as to burn
  14. Jeremiah 44:17 Or incense
  15. Jeremiah 44:17 Lit bread
  16. Jeremiah 44:17 Lit evil
  17. Jeremiah 44:18 Or incense
  18. Jeremiah 44:18 Lit been finished
  19. Jeremiah 44:19 Or incense
  20. Jeremiah 44:19 Lit to pour
  21. Jeremiah 44:19 Lit to make an image of her
  22. Jeremiah 44:21 Or incense
  23. Jeremiah 44:21 Lit heart
  24. Jeremiah 44:23 Or incense
  25. Jeremiah 44:25 Or incense
  26. Jeremiah 44:25 Lit Surely cause to stand
  27. Jeremiah 44:26 Lit Therefore
  28. Jeremiah 44:26 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  29. Jeremiah 44:27 Lit be finished
  30. Jeremiah 44:27 Lit come to an end
  31. Jeremiah 44:28 Lit men of number

New American Standard Bible (NASB)Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation