Jeremiah 46-51 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Defeat of Pharaoh Foretold
46 That which came as the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the nations.

2 To Egypt, concerning the army of Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt, which was by the Euphrates River at Carchemish, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah:

3 “Line up the shield and [a]buckler,
And draw near for the battle!
4 “Harness the horses,
And [b]mount the steeds,
And take your stand with helmets on!
Polish the spears,
Put on the scale-armor!
5 “Why have I seen it?
They are terrified,
They are drawing back,
And their mighty men are defeated
And have taken refuge in flight,
Without facing back;
[c]Terror is on every side!”
Declares the Lord.
6 Let not the swift man flee,
Nor the mighty man escape;
In the north beside the river Euphrates
They have stumbled and fallen.
7 Who is this that rises like the Nile,
Like the rivers whose waters surge about?
8 Egypt rises like the Nile,
Even like the rivers whose waters surge about;
And He has said, “I will rise and cover that land;
I will surely destroy the city and its inhabitants.”
9 Go up, you horses, and [d]drive madly, you chariots,
That the mighty men may [e]march forward:
Ethiopia and [f]Put, that handle the shield,
And the [g]Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.
10 For that day belongs to the Lord [h]God of hosts,
A day of vengeance, so as to avenge Himself on His foes;
And the sword will devour and be satiated
And [i]drink its fill of their blood;
For there will be a slaughter for the Lord [j]God of hosts,
In the land of the north by the river Euphrates.
11 Go up to Gilead and obtain balm,
O virgin daughter of Egypt!
In vain have you multiplied [k]remedies;
There is no healing for you.
12 The nations have heard of your shame,
And the earth is full of your cry of distress;
For one warrior has stumbled over [l]another,
And both of them have fallen down together.

13 This is the [m]message which the Lord spoke to Jeremiah the prophet about the coming of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to smite the land of Egypt:

14 “Declare in Egypt and proclaim in Migdol,
Proclaim also in Memphis and Tahpanhes;
Say, ‘Take your stand and get yourself ready,
For the sword has devoured those around you.’
15 “Why have your mighty ones become prostrate?
They do not stand because the Lord has thrust them down.
16 “They have repeatedly stumbled;
Indeed, they have fallen one against another.
Then they said, ‘Get up! And let us go back
To our own people and our native land
Away from the [n]sword of the oppressor.’
17 “[o]They cried there, ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a big noise;
He has let the appointed time pass by!’
18 “As I live,” declares the King
Whose name is the Lord of hosts,
“Surely one shall come who looms up like Tabor among the mountains,
Or like Carmel by the sea.
19 “Make your baggage ready for exile,
O daughter dwelling in Egypt,
For Memphis will become a desolation;
It will even be burned down and [p]bereft of inhabitants.
20 “Egypt is a pretty heifer,
But a [q]horsefly is coming from the north—it is coming!
21 “Also her mercenaries in her midst
Are like [r]fattened calves,
For even they too have turned back and have fled away together;
They did not stand their ground.
For the day of their calamity has come upon them,
The time of their punishment.
22 “Its sound moves along like a serpent;
For they move on [s]like an army
And come to her as woodcutters with axes.
23 “They have cut down her forest,” declares the Lord;
“Surely it will no more be found,
Even though [t]they are now more numerous than locusts
And are without number.
24 “The daughter of Egypt has been put to shame,
Given over to the [u]power of the people of the north.”

25 The Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, says, “Behold, I am going to punish Amon of Thebes, and Pharaoh, and Egypt along with her gods and her kings, even Pharaoh and those who trust in him. 26 I shall give them over to the [v]power of those who are seeking their lives, even into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and into the hand of his [w]officers. Afterwards, however, it will be inhabited as in the days of old,” declares the Lord.

27 “But as for you, O Jacob My servant, do not fear,
Nor be dismayed, O Israel!
For, see, I am going to save you from afar,
And your descendants from the land of their captivity;
And Jacob will return and be undisturbed
And secure, with no one making him tremble.
28 “O Jacob My servant, do not fear,” declares the Lord,
“For I am with you.
For I will make a full end of all the nations
Where I have driven you,
Yet I will not make a full end of you;
But I will correct you properly
And by no means leave you unpunished.”

Prophecy against Philistia
47 That which came as the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the Philistines, before Pharaoh [x]conquered Gaza. 2 Thus says the Lord:

“Behold, waters are going to rise from the north
And become an overflowing torrent,
And overflow the land and all its fullness,
The city and those who live in it;
And the men will cry out,
And every inhabitant of the land will wail.
3 “Because of the noise of the [y]galloping hoofs of his [z]stallions,
The tumult of his chariots, and the rumbling of his wheels,
The fathers have not turned back for their children,
Because of the limpness of their hands,
4 On account of the day that is coming
To destroy all the Philistines,
To cut off from Tyre and Sidon
Every ally that is left;
For the Lord is going to destroy the Philistines,
The remnant of the coastland of Caphtor.
5 “Baldness has come upon Gaza;
Ashkelon has been ruined.
O remnant of their valley,
How long will you gash yourself?
6 “Ah, sword of the Lord,
How long will you not be quiet?
Withdraw into your sheath;
Be at rest and stay still.
7 “How can [aa]it be quiet,
When the Lord has given it an order?
Against Ashkelon and against the seacoast—
There He has assigned it.”

Prophecy against Moab
48 Concerning Moab. Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel,

“Woe to Nebo, for it has been destroyed;
Kiriathaim has been put to shame, it has been captured;
The lofty stronghold has been put to shame and [ab]shattered.
2 “There is praise for Moab no longer;
In Heshbon they have devised calamity against her:
‘Come and let us cut her off from being a nation!’
You too, [ac]Madmen, will be silenced;
The sword will follow after you.
3 “The sound of an outcry from Horonaim,
‘Devastation and great destruction!’
4 “Moab is broken,
Her little ones have sounded out a cry of distress.
5 “For by the ascent of Luhith
They will ascend with continual weeping;
For at the descent of Horonaim
They have heard the [ad]anguished cry of destruction.
6 “Flee, save your lives,
That you may be like a juniper in the wilderness.
7 “For because of your trust in your own achievements and treasures,
Even you yourself will be captured;
And Chemosh will go off into exile
Together with his priests and his princes.
8 “A destroyer will come to every city,
So that no city will escape;
The valley also will be ruined
And the plateau will be destroyed,
As the Lord has said.
9 “Give [ae]wings to Moab,
For she will [af]flee away;
And her cities will become a desolation,
Without inhabitants in them.
10 “Cursed be the one who does the Lord’s work negligently,
And cursed be the one who restrains his sword from blood.

11 “Moab has been at ease since his youth;
He has also been undisturbed, like wine on [ag]its dregs,
And he has not been emptied from vessel to vessel,
Nor has he gone into exile.
Therefore [ah]he retains his flavor,
And his aroma has not changed.

12 Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will send to him those who tip vessels, and they will tip him over, and they will empty his vessels and shatter [ai]his jars. 13 And Moab will be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel, their confidence.

14 “How can you say, ‘We are mighty warriors,
And men valiant for battle’?
15 “Moab has been destroyed and [aj]men have gone up to [ak]his cities;
His choicest [al]young men have also gone down to the slaughter,”
Declares the King, whose name is the Lord of hosts.
16 “The disaster of Moab will soon come,
And his calamity has swiftly hastened.
17 “Mourn for him, all you who live around him,
Even all of you who know his name;
Say, ‘How has the mighty [am]scepter been broken,
A staff of splendor!’
18 “Come down from your glory
And sit [an]on the parched ground,
O daughter dwelling in Dibon,
For the destroyer of Moab has come up against you,
He has ruined your strongholds.
19 “Stand by the road and keep watch,
O inhabitant of Aroer;
Ask him who flees and her who escapes
And say, ‘What has happened?’
20 “Moab has been put to shame, for it has been [ao]shattered.
Wail and cry out;
Declare by the Arnon
That Moab has been destroyed.

21 “Judgment has also come upon the plain, upon Holon, Jahzah and against Mephaath, 22 against Dibon, Nebo and Beth-diblathaim, 23 against Kiriathaim, Beth-gamul and Beth-meon, 24 against Kerioth, Bozrah and all the cities of the land of Moab, far and near. 25 The horn of Moab has been cut off and his arm broken,” declares the Lord. 26 “Make him drunk, for he has [ap]become arrogant toward the Lord; so Moab will [aq]wallow in his vomit, and he also will become a laughingstock. 27 Now was not Israel a laughingstock to you? Or was he [ar]caught among thieves? For each time you speak about him you shake your head in scorn.

28 “Leave the cities and dwell among the crags,
O inhabitants of Moab,
And be like a dove that nests
Beyond the mouth of the chasm.
29 “We have heard of the pride of Moab—he is very proud—
Of his haughtiness, his pride, his arrogance and [as]his self-exaltation.
30 “I know his fury,” declares the Lord,
“But it is futile;
His idle boasts have accomplished nothing.
31 “Therefore I will wail for Moab,
Even for all Moab will I cry out;
[at]I will moan for the men of Kir-heres.
32 “More than the weeping for Jazer
I will weep for you, O vine of Sibmah!
Your tendrils stretched across the sea,
They reached to the sea of Jazer;
Upon your summer fruits and your grape harvest
The destroyer has fallen.
33 “So gladness and joy are taken away
From the fruitful field, even from the land of Moab.
And I have made the wine to cease from the wine presses;
No one will tread them with shouting,
The shouting will not be shouts of joy.

34 From the outcry at Heshbon even to Elealeh, even to Jahaz they have [au]raised their voice, from Zoar even to Horonaim and to Eglath-shelishiyah; for even the waters of Nimrim will become desolate. 35 I will make an end of Moab,” declares the Lord, “the one who offers sacrifice on the high place and the one who [av]burns incense to his gods.

36 “Therefore My heart [aw]wails for Moab like flutes; My heart also [ax]wails like flutes for the men of Kir-heres. Therefore they have lost the abundance it produced. 37 For every head is bald and every beard cut short; there are gashes on all the hands and sackcloth on the loins. 38 On all the housetops of Moab and in its streets [ay]there is lamentation everywhere; for I have broken Moab like an undesirable vessel,” declares the Lord. 39 “How [az]shattered it is! How they have wailed! How Moab has turned his back—he is ashamed! So Moab will become a laughingstock and an object of terror to all around him.”

40 For thus says the Lord:

“Behold, one will fly swiftly like an eagle
And spread out his wings against Moab.
41 “Kerioth has been captured
And the strongholds have been seized,
So the hearts of the mighty men of Moab in that day
Will be like the heart of a woman in labor.
42 “Moab will be destroyed from being a people
Because he has [ba]become arrogant toward the Lord.
43 “Terror, pit and snare are coming upon you,
O inhabitant of Moab,” declares the Lord.
44 “The one who flees from the terror
Will fall into the pit,
And the one who climbs up out of the pit
Will be caught in the snare;
For I shall bring upon her, even upon Moab,
The year of their punishment,” declares the Lord.

45 “In the shadow of Heshbon
The fugitives stand without strength;
For a fire has gone forth from Heshbon
And a flame from the midst of Sihon,
And it has devoured the forehead of Moab
And the scalps of the [bb]riotous revelers.
46 “Woe to you, Moab!
The people of Chemosh have perished;
For your sons have been taken away captive
And your daughters into captivity.
47 “Yet I will restore the [bc]fortunes of Moab
In the [bd]latter days,” declares the Lord.

Thus far the judgment on Moab.

Prophecy against Ammon
49 Concerning the sons of Ammon. Thus says the Lord:

“Does Israel have no sons?
Or has he no heirs?
Why then has [be]Malcam taken possession of Gad
And his people settled in its cities?
2 “Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord,
“That I will cause a [bf]trumpet blast of war to be heard
Against Rabbah of the sons of Ammon;
And it will become a desolate heap,
And her towns will be set on fire.
Then Israel will take possession of his possessors,”
Says the Lord.
3 “Wail, O Heshbon, for Ai has been destroyed!
Cry out, O daughters of Rabbah,
Gird yourselves with sackcloth and lament,
And rush back and forth inside the walls;
For [bg]Malcam will go into exile
Together with his priests and his princes.
4 “How boastful you are about the valleys!
Your valley is flowing away,
O backsliding daughter
Who trusts in her treasures, saying,
‘Who will come against me?’
5 “Behold, I am going to bring terror upon you,”
Declares the Lord [bh]God of hosts,
“From all directions around you;
And each of you will be driven out [bi]headlong,
With no one to gather the fugitives together.
6 “But afterward I will restore
The [bj]fortunes of the sons of Ammon,”
Declares the Lord.

Prophecy against Edom
7 Concerning Edom.
Thus says the Lord of hosts,
“Is there no longer any wisdom in Teman?
Has good counsel been lost to the prudent?
Has their wisdom decayed?
8 “Flee away, turn back, dwell in the depths,
O inhabitants of Dedan,
For I [bk]will bring the disaster of Esau upon him
At the time I [bl]punish him.
9 “If grape gatherers came to you,
Would they not leave gleanings?
If thieves came by night,
They would destroy only [bm]until they had enough.
10 “But I have stripped Esau bare,
I have uncovered his hiding places
So that he will not be able to conceal himself;
His [bn]offspring has been destroyed along with his [bo]relatives
And his neighbors, and he is no more.
11 “Leave your [bp]orphans behind, I will keep them alive;
And let your widows trust in Me.”

12 For thus says the Lord, “Behold, those [bq]who were not sentenced to drink the cup will certainly drink it, and are you the one who will be completely acquitted? You will not be acquitted, but you will certainly drink it. 13 For I have sworn by Myself,” declares the Lord, “that Bozrah will become an object of horror, a reproach, a ruin and a curse; and all its cities will become perpetual ruins.”

14 I have heard a message from the Lord,
And an envoy is sent among the nations, saying,
“Gather yourselves together and come against her,
And rise up for battle!”
15 “For behold, I have made you small among the nations,
Despised among men.
16 “As for the terror of you,
The arrogance of your heart has deceived you,
O you who live in the clefts of [br]the rock,
Who occupy the height of the hill.
Though you make your nest as high as an eagle’s,
I will bring you down from there,” declares the Lord.

17 “Edom will become an object of horror; everyone who passes by it will be horrified and will hiss at all its wounds. 18 Like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah with its neighbors,” says the Lord, “no one will live there, nor will a son of man reside in it. 19 Behold, one will come up like a lion from the [bs]thickets of the Jordan against [bt]a perennially watered pasture; for in an instant I will make him run away from it, and whoever is chosen I shall appoint over it. For who is like Me, and who will summon Me into court? And who then is the shepherd who can stand against Me?”

20 Therefore hear the plan of the Lord which He has planned against Edom, and His purposes which He has purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: surely they will drag them off, even the little ones of the flock; surely He will make their [bu]pasture desolate because of them. 21 The earth has quaked at the noise of their downfall. There is an outcry! The noise of it has been heard at the [bv]Red Sea. 22 Behold, [bw]He will mount up and swoop like an eagle and spread out His wings [bx]against Bozrah; and the hearts of the mighty men of Edom in that day will be like the heart of a woman in labor.

Prophecy against Damascus
23 Concerning Damascus.
“Hamath and Arpad are put to shame,
For they have heard bad news;
They are disheartened.
There is anxiety by the sea,
It cannot be calmed.
24 “Damascus has become helpless;
She has turned away to flee,
And panic has gripped her;
Distress and pangs have taken hold of her
Like a woman in childbirth.
25 “How [by]the city of praise has not been deserted,
The town of My joy!
26 “Therefore, her young men will fall in her streets,
And all the men of war will be [bz]silenced in that day,” declares the Lord of hosts.
27 “I will set fire to the wall of Damascus,
And it will devour the [ca]fortified towers of Ben-hadad.”

Prophecy against Kedar and Hazor
28 Concerning Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated. Thus says the Lord,

“Arise, go up to Kedar
And devastate the [cb]men of the east.
29 “They will take away their tents and their flocks;
They will carry off for themselves
Their tent curtains, all their goods and their camels,
And they will call out to one another, ‘Terror on every side!’
30 “Run away, flee! Dwell in the depths,
O inhabitants of Hazor,” declares the Lord;
“For Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has formed a plan against you
And devised a scheme against you.
31 “Arise, go up against a nation which is at ease,
Which lives securely,” declares the Lord.
“It has no gates or bars;
They dwell alone.
32 “Their camels will become plunder,
And their many cattle for booty,
And I will scatter to all the winds those who cut the corners of their hair;
And I will bring their disaster from every side,” declares the Lord.
33 “Hazor will become a haunt of jackals,
A desolation forever;
No one will live there,
Nor will a son of man reside in it.”

Prophecy against Elam
34 That which came as the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet concerning Elam, at the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying:

35 “Thus says the Lord of hosts,
‘Behold, I am going to break the bow of Elam,
The [cc]finest of their might.
36 ‘I will bring upon Elam the four winds
From the four ends of heaven,
And will scatter them to all these winds;
And there will be no nation
To which the outcasts of Elam will not go.
37 ‘So I will [cd]shatter Elam before their enemies
And before those who seek their lives;
And I will bring calamity upon them,
Even My fierce anger,’ declares the Lord,
‘And I will send out the sword after them
Until I have consumed them.
38 ‘Then I will set My throne in Elam
And destroy [ce]out of it king and princes,’
Declares the Lord.
39 ‘But it will come about in the last days
That I will restore the [cf]fortunes of Elam,’”
Declares the Lord.

Prophecy against Babylon
50 The word which the Lord spoke concerning Babylon, the land of the Chaldeans, through Jeremiah the prophet:

2 “Declare and proclaim among the nations.
Proclaim it and lift up a standard.
Do not conceal it but say,
‘Babylon has been captured,
Bel has been put to shame, [cg]Marduk has been [ch]shattered;
Her images have been put to shame, her idols have been shattered.’

3 For a nation has come up against her out of the north; it will make her land an object of horror, and there will be no inhabitant in it. Both man and beast have wandered off, they have gone away!

4 “In those days and at that time,” declares the Lord, “the sons of Israel will come, both they and the sons of Judah as well; they will go along weeping as they go, and it will be the Lord their God they will seek. 5 They will ask for the way to Zion, turning their faces [ci]in its direction; [cj]they [ck]will come that they may join themselves to the Lord in an everlasting covenant that will not be forgotten.

6 “My people have become lost sheep;
Their shepherds have led them astray.
They have made them turn aside on the mountains;
They have gone along from mountain to hill
And have forgotten their resting place.
7 “All who came upon them have devoured them;
And their adversaries have said, ‘We are not guilty,
Inasmuch as they have sinned against the Lord who is the habitation of righteousness,
Even the Lord, the hope of their fathers.’

8 “Wander away from the midst of Babylon
And [cl]go forth from the land of the Chaldeans;
Be also like male goats [cm]at the head of the flock.
9 “For behold, I am going to arouse and bring up against Babylon
A horde of great nations from the land of the north,
And they will draw up their battle lines against her;
From there she will be taken captive.
Their arrows will be like [cn]an expert warrior
Who does not return empty-handed.
10 “[co]Chaldea will become plunder;
All who plunder her will have enough,” declares the Lord.

11 “Because you are glad, because you are jubilant,
O you who pillage My heritage,
Because you skip about [cp]like a threshing heifer
And neigh like [cq]stallions,
12 Your mother [cr]will be greatly ashamed,
She who gave you birth [cs]will be humiliated.
Behold, she will be the least of the nations,
A wilderness, a parched land and a desert.
13 “Because of the indignation of the Lord she will not be inhabited,
But she will be completely desolate;
Everyone who passes by Babylon will be horrified
And will hiss because of all her wounds.
14 “Draw up your battle lines against Babylon on every side,
All you who [ct]bend the bow;
Shoot at her, do not be sparing with your arrows,
For she has sinned against the Lord.
15 “Raise your battle cry against her on every side!
She has given [cu]herself up, her pillars have fallen,
Her walls have been torn down.
For this is the vengeance of the Lord:
Take vengeance on her;
As she has done to others, so do to her.
16 “Cut off the sower from Babylon
And the one who wields the sickle at the time of harvest;
From before [cv]the sword of the oppressor
They will each turn back to his own people
And they will each flee to his own land.

17 “Israel is a scattered [cw]flock, the lions have driven them away. The first one who devoured him was the king of Assyria, and this last one who has broken his bones is Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. 18 Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘Behold, I am going to punish the king of Babylon and his land, just as I punished the king of Assyria. 19 And I will bring Israel back to his pasture and he will graze on Carmel and Bashan, and his [cx]desire will be satisfied in the hill country of Ephraim and Gilead. 20 In those days and at that time,’ declares the Lord, ‘search will be made for the iniquity of Israel, but there will be none; and for the sins of Judah, but they will not be found; for I will pardon those whom I leave as a remnant.’

21 “Against the land of [cy]Merathaim, go up against it,
And against the inhabitants of [cz]Pekod.
Slay and [da]utterly destroy them,” declares the Lord,
“And do according to all that I have commanded you.
22 “The noise of battle is in the land,
And great destruction.
23 “How the hammer of the whole earth
Has been cut off and broken!
How Babylon has become
An object of horror among the nations!
24 “I set a snare for you and you were also caught, O Babylon,
While you yourself were not aware;
You have been found and also seized
Because you have engaged in conflict with the Lord.”
25 The Lord has opened His armory
And has brought forth the weapons of His indignation,
For it is a work of the Lord [db]God of hosts
In the land of the Chaldeans.
26 Come to her from the [dc]farthest border;
Open up her barns,
Pile her up like heaps
And [dd]utterly destroy her,
Let nothing be left to her.
27 Put all her young bulls to the sword;
Let them go down to the slaughter!
Woe be upon them, for their day has come,
The time of their punishment.

28 There is a sound of fugitives and refugees from the land of Babylon,
To declare in Zion the vengeance of the Lord our God,
Vengeance for His temple.

29 “Summon [de]many against Babylon,
All those who [df]bend the bow:
Encamp against her on every side,
Let there be no escape[dg].
Repay her according to her work;
According to all that she has done, so do to her;
For she has become arrogant against the Lord,
Against the Holy One of Israel.
30 “Therefore her young men will fall in her streets,
And all her men of war will be [dh]silenced in that day,” declares the Lord.
31 “Behold, I am against you, O [di]arrogant one,”
Declares the Lord [dj]God of hosts,
“For your day has come,
The time [dk]when I will punish you.
32 “The [dl]arrogant one will stumble and fall
With no one to raise him up;
And I will set fire to his cities
And it will devour all his environs.”

33 Thus says the Lord of hosts,
“The sons of Israel are oppressed,
And the sons of Judah as well;
And all who took them captive have held them fast,
They have refused to let them go.
34 “Their Redeemer is strong, the Lord of hosts is His name;
He will vigorously plead their case
So that He may bring rest to [dm]the earth,
But turmoil to the inhabitants of Babylon.
35 “A sword against the Chaldeans,” declares the Lord,
“And against the inhabitants of Babylon
And against her officials and her wise men!
36 “A sword against the oracle priests, and they will become fools!
A sword against her mighty men, and they will be [dn]shattered!
37 “A sword against [do]their horses and against [dp]their chariots
And against all the [dq]foreigners who are in the midst of her,
And they will become women!
A sword against her treasures, and they will be plundered!
38 “A [dr]drought on her waters, and they will be dried up!
For it is a land of idols,
And they are mad over fearsome idols.

39 “Therefore the desert creatures will live there along with the jackals;
The ostriches also will live in it,
And it will never again be inhabited
Or dwelt in from generation to generation.
40 “As when God overthrew Sodom
And Gomorrah with its neighbors,” declares the Lord,
“No man will live there,
Nor will any son of man reside in it.

41 “Behold, a people is coming from the north,
And a great nation and many kings
Will be aroused from the remote parts of the earth.
42 “They seize their bow and javelin;
They are cruel and have no mercy.
Their voice roars like the sea;
And they ride on horses,
Marshalled like a man for the battle
Against you, O daughter of Babylon.
43 “The king of Babylon has heard the report about them,
And his hands hang limp;
Distress has gripped him,
Agony like a woman in childbirth.

44 “Behold, one will come up like a lion from the [ds]thicket of the Jordan to [dt]a perennially watered pasture; for in an instant I will make them run away from it, and whoever is chosen I will appoint over it. For who is like Me, and who will summon Me into court? And who then is the shepherd who can stand before Me?” 45 Therefore hear the plan of the Lord which He has planned against Babylon, and His purposes which He has purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: surely they will drag them off, even the little ones of the flock; surely He will make their [du]pasture desolate because of them. 46 At the [dv]shout, “Babylon has been seized!” the earth is shaken, and an outcry is heard among the nations.

Babylon Judged for Sins against Israel
51 Thus says the Lord:

“Behold, I am going to arouse against Babylon
And against the inhabitants of [dw]Leb-kamai
[dx]The spirit of a destroyer.
2 “I will dispatch [dy]foreigners to Babylon that they may winnow her
And may devastate her land;
For on every side they will be opposed to her
In the day of her calamity.
3 “[dz]Let not [ea]him who [eb]bends his bow [ec]bend it,
[ed]Nor let him rise up in his scale-armor;
So do not spare her young men;
Devote all her army to destruction.
4 “They will fall down [ee]slain in the land of the Chaldeans,
And pierced through in their streets.”

5 For neither Israel nor Judah has been [ef]forsaken
By his God, the Lord of hosts,
Although their land is full of guilt
[eg]Before the Holy One of Israel.
6 Flee from the midst of Babylon,
And each of you save his life!
Do not be [eh]destroyed in her [ei]punishment,
For this is the Lord’s time of vengeance;
He is going to render recompense to her.
7 Babylon has been a golden cup in the hand of the Lord,
Intoxicating all the earth.
The nations have drunk of her wine;
Therefore the nations are going mad.
8 Suddenly Babylon has fallen and been broken;
Wail over her!
Bring [ej]balm for her pain;
Perhaps she may be healed.
9 We applied healing to Babylon, but she was not healed;
Forsake her and let us each go to his own country,
For her judgment has reached to heaven
And [ek]towers up to the very skies.
10 The Lord has brought [el]about our vindication;
Come and let us recount in Zion
The work of the Lord our God!

11 Sharpen the arrows, fill the quivers!
The Lord has aroused the spirit of the kings of the Medes,
Because His purpose is against Babylon to destroy it;
For it is the vengeance of the Lord, vengeance for His temple.
12 Lift up a [em]signal against the walls of Babylon;
Post a strong guard,
Station [en]sentries,
Place men in ambush!
For the Lord has both purposed and performed
What He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.
13 O you who dwell by many waters,
Abundant in treasures,
Your end has come,
The [eo]measure of your [ep]end.
14 The Lord of hosts has sworn by Himself:
“Surely I will fill you with a [eq]population like locusts,
And they will cry out with [er]shouts of victory over you.”

15 It is He who made the earth by His power,
Who established the world by His wisdom,
And by His understanding He stretched out the heavens.
16 When He utters His voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens,
And He causes the clouds to ascend from the end of the earth;
He makes lightning for the rain
And brings forth the wind from His storehouses.
17 All mankind is stupid, devoid of knowledge;
Every goldsmith is put to shame by his [es]idols,
For his molten images are deceitful,
And there is no breath in them.
18 They are worthless, a work of mockery;
In the time of their punishment they will perish.
19 The portion of Jacob is not like these;
For the [et]Maker of all is He,
And of the [eu]tribe of His inheritance;
The Lord of hosts is His name.
20 He says, “You are My [ev]war-club, My weapon of war;
And with you I shatter nations,
And with you I destroy kingdoms.
21 “With you I shatter the horse and his rider,
And with you I shatter the chariot and its rider,
22 And with you I shatter man and woman,
And with you I shatter old man and youth,
And with you I shatter young man and virgin,
23 And with you I shatter the shepherd and his flock,
And with you I shatter the farmer and his team,
And with you I shatter governors and prefects.

24 “But I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of Chaldea for all their evil that they have done in Zion before your eyes,” declares the Lord.

25 “Behold, I am against you, O destroying mountain,
Who destroys the whole earth,” declares the Lord,
“And I will stretch out My hand against you,
And roll you down from the crags,
And I will make you a burnt out mountain.
26 “They will not take from you even a stone for a corner
Nor a stone for foundations,
But you will be desolate forever,” declares the Lord.

27 Lift up a [ew]signal in the land,
Blow a trumpet among the nations!
Consecrate the nations against her,
Summon against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni and Ashkenaz;
Appoint a marshal against her,
Bring up the horses like bristly locusts.
28 Consecrate the nations against her,
The kings of the Medes,
[ex]Their governors and all [ey]their [ez]prefects,
And every land of [fa]their dominion.
29 So the land quakes and writhes,
For the purposes of the Lord against Babylon stand,
To make the land of Babylon
[fb]A desolation without inhabitants.
30 The mighty men of Babylon have ceased fighting,
They stay in the strongholds;
Their strength is [fc]exhausted,
They are becoming like women;
Their dwelling places are set on fire,
The bars of her gates are broken.
31 One [fd]courier runs to meet [fe]another,
And one [ff]messenger to meet [fg]another,
To tell the king of Babylon
That his city has been captured from end to end;
32 The fords also have been seized,
And they have burned the marshes with fire,
And the men of war are terrified.

33 For thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel:

“The daughter of Babylon is like a threshing floor
At the time [fh]it is stamped firm;
Yet in a little while the time of harvest will come for her.”

34 “Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has devoured me and crushed me,
He has set me down like an empty vessel;
He has swallowed me like a monster,
He has filled his stomach with my delicacies;
He has washed me away.
35 “May the violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon,”
The [fi]inhabitant of Zion will say;
And, “May my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea,”
Jerusalem will say.

36 Therefore thus says the Lord,

“Behold, I am going to plead your case
And exact full vengeance for you;
And I will dry up her [fj]sea
And make her fountain dry.
37 “Babylon will become a heap of ruins, a haunt of jackals,
An object of horror and hissing, without inhabitants.
38 “They will roar together like young lions,
They will growl like lions’ cubs.
39 “When they become heated up, I will serve them their banquet
And make them drunk, that they may become jubilant
And may sleep a perpetual sleep
And not wake up,” declares the Lord.
40 “I will bring them down like [fk]lambs to the slaughter,
Like rams together with male goats.

41 “How [fl]Sheshak has been captured,
And the praise of the whole earth been seized!
How Babylon has become an object of horror among the nations!
42 “The [fm]sea has come up over Babylon;
She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves.
43 “Her cities have become an object of horror,
A parched land and a desert,
A land in which no man lives
And through which no son of man passes.
44 “I will punish Bel in Babylon,
And I will make what he has swallowed come out of his mouth;
And the nations will no longer stream to him.
Even the wall of Babylon has fallen down!

45 “Come forth from her midst, My people,
And each of you save yourselves
From the fierce anger of the Lord.
46 “Now so that your heart does not grow faint,
And you are not afraid at the report that will be heard in the land—
For the report will come [fn]one year,
And after that [fo]another report in [fp]another year,
And violence will be in the land
With ruler against ruler—
47 Therefore behold, days are coming
When I will punish the idols of Babylon;
And her whole land will be put to shame
And all her slain will fall in her midst.
48 “Then heaven and earth and all that is in them
Will shout for joy over Babylon,
For the destroyers will come to her from the north,”
Declares the Lord.

49 Indeed Babylon is to fall for the slain of Israel,
As also for Babylon the slain of all the earth have fallen.
50 You who have escaped the sword,
Depart! Do not stay!
Remember the Lord from afar,
And let Jerusalem [fq]come to your mind.
51 We are ashamed because we have heard reproach;
Disgrace has covered our faces,
For aliens have entered
The holy places of the Lord’s house.

52 “Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord,
“When I will punish her idols,
And the mortally wounded will groan throughout her land.
53 “Though Babylon should ascend to the heavens,
And though she should fortify [fr]her lofty stronghold,
From Me destroyers will come to her,” declares the Lord.

54 The sound of an outcry from Babylon,
And of great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans!
55 For the Lord is going to destroy Babylon,
And He will make her loud [fs]noise vanish from her.
And their waves will roar like many waters;
The tumult of their voices [ft]sounds forth.
56 For the destroyer is coming against her, against Babylon,
And her mighty men will be captured,
Their bows are shattered;
For the Lord is a God of recompense,
He will fully repay.
57 “I will make her princes and her wise men drunk,
Her governors, her prefects and her mighty men,
That they may sleep a perpetual sleep and not wake up,”
Declares the King, whose name is the Lord of hosts.

58 Thus says the Lord of hosts,

“The broad wall of Babylon will be completely razed
And her high gates will be set on fire;
So the peoples will toil for nothing,
And the nations become exhausted only for fire.”

59 The [fu]message which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the grandson of Mahseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. (Now Seraiah was quartermaster.) 60 So Jeremiah wrote in a single [fv]scroll all the calamity which would come upon Babylon, that is, all these words which have been written concerning Babylon. 61 Then Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “As soon as you come to Babylon, then see that you read all these words aloud, 62 and say, ‘You, O Lord, have [fw]promised concerning this place to cut it off, so that there will be nothing dwelling in it, [fx]whether man or beast, but it will be a perpetual desolation.’ 63 And as soon as you finish reading this [fy]scroll, you will tie a stone to it and throw it into the middle of the Euphrates, 64 and say, ‘Just so shall Babylon sink down and not rise again because of the calamity that I am going to bring upon her; and they will become exhausted.’” Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.

Footnotes:
Jeremiah 46:3 I.e. small shield
Jeremiah 46:4 Or go up, you horsemen
Jeremiah 46:5 Heb Magor-missabib; i.e. Terror is on every side
Jeremiah 46:9 Lit act like madmen
Jeremiah 46:9 Lit go forth
Jeremiah 46:9 I.e. Libya (or Somaliland)
Jeremiah 46:9 Heb Ludim
Jeremiah 46:10 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
Jeremiah 46:10 Lit be saturated with
Jeremiah 46:10 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
Jeremiah 46:11 Lit healings
Jeremiah 46:12 Lit warrior
Jeremiah 46:13 Lit word
Jeremiah 46:16 Lit oppressing sword
Jeremiah 46:17 Some ancient versions read Call the name of Pharaoh a big noise
Jeremiah 46:19 Lit without
Jeremiah 46:20 Or possibly mosquito
Jeremiah 46:21 Lit of the stall
Jeremiah 46:22 Or in force
Jeremiah 46:23 I.e. trees of the forest, the Egyptians
Jeremiah 46:24 Lit hand
Jeremiah 46:26 Lit hand
Jeremiah 46:26 Lit servants
Jeremiah 47:1 Lit smote
Jeremiah 47:3 Lit stamping of the
Jeremiah 47:3 Lit mighty ones
Jeremiah 47:7 Lit you
Jeremiah 48:1 Or dismayed
Jeremiah 48:2 I.e. a city of Moab
Jeremiah 48:5 Lit distresses of outcry
Jeremiah 48:9 Or salt
Jeremiah 48:9 Or fall in ruins
Jeremiah 48:11 Lit his
Jeremiah 48:11 Lit his flavor has stayed in him
Jeremiah 48:12 Lit their
Jeremiah 48:15 Lit one has
Jeremiah 48:15 Lit her
Jeremiah 48:15 I.e. warriors
Jeremiah 48:17 Or rod
Jeremiah 48:18 Lit in thirst
Jeremiah 48:20 Or dismayed
Jeremiah 48:26 Or magnified himself against
Jeremiah 48:26 Or splash into
Jeremiah 48:27 Or found
Jeremiah 48:29 Lit elevation of his heart
Jeremiah 48:31 Another reading is He
Jeremiah 48:34 Lit given forth
Jeremiah 48:35 Or offers up in smoke
Jeremiah 48:36 Lit sounds
Jeremiah 48:36 Lit sounds
Jeremiah 48:38 Lit all of it is lamentation
Jeremiah 48:39 Or dismayed
Jeremiah 48:42 Or magnified himself against
Jeremiah 48:45 Lit sons of tumult
Jeremiah 48:47 Or captivity
Jeremiah 48:47 Lit end of the days
Jeremiah 49:1 In 1 Kin 11:5, 33 and Zeph 1:5, Milcom
Jeremiah 49:2 Or shout of
Jeremiah 49:3 Cf v 1
Jeremiah 49:5 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
Jeremiah 49:5 Lit before him
Jeremiah 49:6 Or captivity
Jeremiah 49:8 Or brought
Jeremiah 49:8 Or punished
Jeremiah 49:9 Lit their sufficiency
Jeremiah 49:10 Lit seed
Jeremiah 49:10 Lit brothers
Jeremiah 49:11 Or fatherless
Jeremiah 49:12 Lit whose judgment was not to
Jeremiah 49:16 Or Sela
Jeremiah 49:19 Lit pride
Jeremiah 49:19 Or an enduring habitation
Jeremiah 49:20 Or habitation
Jeremiah 49:21 Lit Sea of Reeds
Jeremiah 49:22 Or one
Jeremiah 49:22 Or over
Jeremiah 49:25 Or deserted is the city of praise
Jeremiah 49:26 Or destroyed
Jeremiah 49:27 Or palaces
Jeremiah 49:28 Lit sons
Jeremiah 49:35 Lit first
Jeremiah 49:37 Or dismay
Jeremiah 49:38 Or from there
Jeremiah 49:39 Or captivity
Jeremiah 50:2 Heb Merodach
Jeremiah 50:2 Or dismayed
Jeremiah 50:5 Lit hither
Jeremiah 50:5 M.T. reads come ye!
Jeremiah 50:5 Or will have come
Jeremiah 50:8 Another reading is let them go forth
Jeremiah 50:8 Or in front of
Jeremiah 50:9 So some mss and versions; M.T. reads a warrior who makes childless
Jeremiah 50:10 Or the Chaldeans
Jeremiah 50:11 Another reading is in the grass
Jeremiah 50:11 Lit mighty ones
Jeremiah 50:12 Or has become
Jeremiah 50:12 Or has become
Jeremiah 50:14 Lit tread (in order to string)
Jeremiah 50:15 Lit her hand
Jeremiah 50:16 Or the oppressing sword
Jeremiah 50:17 Lit sheep
Jeremiah 50:19 Lit soul
Jeremiah 50:21 Or Double Rebellion
Jeremiah 50:21 Or Punishment
Jeremiah 50:21 Lit put under the ban
Jeremiah 50:25 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
Jeremiah 50:26 Lit end
Jeremiah 50:26 Lit put under the ban
Jeremiah 50:29 Another reading is archers
Jeremiah 50:29 Lit tread (in order to string)
Jeremiah 50:29 Some mss add to her
Jeremiah 50:30 Or made lifeless or destroyed
Jeremiah 50:31 Lit arrogance
Jeremiah 50:31 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
Jeremiah 50:31 Another reading is of your punishment
Jeremiah 50:32 Lit arrogance
Jeremiah 50:34 Or their land
Jeremiah 50:36 Or dismayed
Jeremiah 50:37 Lit his
Jeremiah 50:37 Lit his
Jeremiah 50:37 Lit mixed multitude
Jeremiah 50:38 Another reading is sword
Jeremiah 50:44 Lit pride
Jeremiah 50:44 Or an enduring habitation
Jeremiah 50:45 Or habitation
Jeremiah 50:46 Lit voice
Jeremiah 51:1 Cryptic name for Chaldea; or the heart of those who rise up against Me
Jeremiah 51:1 Or a destroying wind
Jeremiah 51:2 Some versions read winnowers
Jeremiah 51:3 M.T. reads Against him who
Jeremiah 51:3 I.e. the Chaldean defender
Jeremiah 51:3 Lit tread(s) (in order to string)
Jeremiah 51:3 Lit tread(s) (in order to string)
Jeremiah 51:3 M.T. reads Against him who
Jeremiah 51:4 Or wounded
Jeremiah 51:5 Lit widowed
Jeremiah 51:5 Lit From
Jeremiah 51:6 Or silenced or made lifeless
Jeremiah 51:6 Or penalty for iniquity
Jeremiah 51:8 Or balsam resin
Jeremiah 51:9 Lit is lifted
Jeremiah 51:10 Lit forth
Jeremiah 51:12 Or standard
Jeremiah 51:12 Or watchmen
Jeremiah 51:13 Lit cubit
Jeremiah 51:13 Lit being cut off
Jeremiah 51:14 Or mankind
Jeremiah 51:14 I.e. like the song of grape treaders
Jeremiah 51:17 Or graven images
Jeremiah 51:19 Lit Fashioner
Jeremiah 51:19 Or Scepter; cf Num 24:17
Jeremiah 51:20 Lit shatterer
Jeremiah 51:27 Or standard
Jeremiah 51:28 Lit Her
Jeremiah 51:28 Lit Her
Jeremiah 51:28 I.e. lieutenant governors
Jeremiah 51:28 Lit his
Jeremiah 51:29 Or An object of horror
Jeremiah 51:30 Lit dried up
Jeremiah 51:31 Lit runner
Jeremiah 51:31 Lit runner
Jeremiah 51:31 Lit announcer
Jeremiah 51:31 Lit announcer
Jeremiah 51:33 Lit of treading it
Jeremiah 51:35 Lit inhabitress
Jeremiah 51:36 Or broad river
Jeremiah 51:40 Or young rams
Jeremiah 51:41 Cryptic name for Babylon
Jeremiah 51:42 Or broad river
Jeremiah 51:46 Lit in the
Jeremiah 51:46 Lit the
Jeremiah 51:46 Lit the
Jeremiah 51:50 Lit come upon your heart
Jeremiah 51:53 Lit the height of her strength
Jeremiah 51:55 Or voice
Jeremiah 51:55 Lit is given
Jeremiah 51:59 Lit word
Jeremiah 51:60 Or book
Jeremiah 51:62 Lit spoken
Jeremiah 51:62 Lit from man even to beast
Jeremiah 51:63 Or book
New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation